Urea is soluble in water and its most common use is as a fertilizer in the agriculture.
As a fertilizer with 46% nitrogen, all in amide form, urea is the most concentrated nitrogen fertilizer. This together with the fact that it is not a dangerous product, makes its transportation, storage and application more cost effective in comparison to the other straight nitrogen fertilizers. Urea is produced in prilled or granular form, whereas the production of granular urea is continuously increasing in the past years and the most new production capacity is designed for the production of granular urea. The advantage of the granular urea is the more uniform size distribution, which ensures even spread of the product on the field.